A long-March 5-5, who carries the Chang'e-5 spacecraft, disappears from the launch site of Wencang Spacecraft on the coast of Hainan province of South Island, November 2020. [Photo / Xinhua ]

China Chang 'E 5 The robotic lunar probe carried out a braking maneuver on Saturday night and then successfully entered a lunar orbit, according to the National Space Administration of China.

The administration said in a statement that a 3,000 Newton thrust engine. In the spacecraft it was activated at 8:58 pm and worked approximately 17 minutes when the probe reached a position about 400 kilometers on the moon.

A key orbital control measure for any lunar mission, the braking operation was performed. To reduce the speed of the spacecraft to make sure it can be captured by the gravitational field of the Moon instead of accidentally flying beyond the celestial body.

The spacecraft was launched for a long March 5, March 5, heavy lifting rocket on Tuesday morning at the Wencang Space Release Center in the Hainan Province, in an attempt by realize the first mission of the world to bring lunar samples back to Earth since 1976. After your arrival in lunar orbit, the probe will fly around the celestial body for a certain period of time and Then it will be separated into two parts, with the orbiter and the re-entry capsule remaining in the orbit while the ascending landing combination descends towards the lunar surface.

The landing combination will make a touchdown assisted by the motor on the Moon and then start making such assignments. While using a cutting edge drill to obtain underground rocks of 2 meters below the surface and a mechanical arm to collect the dirt from the surface.

If everything occurs without problems, approximately 2 kilograms of stones and soil will be collected and packed. In a metal contaulted. Iner inside the ascendant.

After the two-day surface operations are performed, the rocket rocket will elevate it to the lunar orbit to meet and dock with the re-entry module. It will transfer lunar samples to the module and then undock from the latter.

The combination of the Orbiter and re-entry capsule will then come out of the lunar orbit and return to the Earth's orbit, where the torque will be separated and the re-entry capsule will make a large amount of complicated maneuvers to return A pre-established landing site in the internal autonomous region of Mongolia in mid-December.

Back on the lunar surface, the Lander will continue to use its three scientific useful loads to carry out the survey and measurement: the panoramic camera is responsible for assigning topography of the landing site; The infrared spectrometer will determine the physical composition of the stones and dirt around the landing site; and the soil measuring instrument will detect and analyze the subsurface structure of the drilling point.

The entire mission is scheduled to last around 23 days, depending on the administration of space.

Considering these highly sophisticated operations, Chang'e 5 will be more difficult and challenging than the previous Chinese lunar expeditions, designers have said.

If the mission ends successfully, it will become the first spatial activity of China that has recovered the extraterrestrial substance and will also make China the third nation of the world returns the lunar samples after the United States and The former Soviet Union.


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